Physiology of body fluids

  1. Recognize how the body fluid compartments differ with respect to their volumes and their ionic compositions
  2. Describe both the driving forces responsible for movement of water across cell membranes and the fluids in the capillary wall
  3. Identify the volumes changes of the intracellular and extracellular fluid compartments under various pathophysiological conditions
  4. Evaluate and calculate body compartments volume using the dilution methods
  5. Use the appropriated formula to both estimate and/or to get the precise value of the plasma osmolality