Processes performed by the kidney

  1. Recognize global process regulated by the kidney (i.e. osmolality, blood pressure, acid-base balance, etc.)
  2. Describe the basic process in the urine formation: Filtration, Reabsorption and Secretion and Excretion
  3. Define the processes occurring in the nephron segments
  4. Describe the principal processes produced by the nephron: Filtration, Reabsorption, Secretion and Excretion
  5. Apply the equation involving Filtration, Reabsorption and Secretion to evaluate Excretion
  6. Describe the Clearance (C) concept
  7. Describe Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)
  8. Define the normal value of GFR
  9. Describe how pressures (hydrostatic and oncotic) affect the GFR
  10. Describe how filtration coefficient (Kf) affect the GFR
  11. Describe why creatinine (Cr) can be used to estimate GFR
  12. Identify the relationship between Cr concentration and GFR
  13. States the GFR differences obtained in population by gender and ethnicity
  14. Recognize why exogenous Inulin can be used to evaluate GFR
  15. Calculate GFR based in the clearance concept
  16. Define normal range of Renal Plasma Flow (RPF)
  17. Describe factor that affect RPF
  18. Describe why PAH can be used to evaluate the effective (eRPF)
  19. Calculates eRPF using the clearance concept
  20. Calculate effective Renal Blood Flow (eRBF) using eRPF and the hematocrit (Hct) values
  21. Identify the normal range of RBF