Regulation of calcium and phosphate by the nephron

  1. Describe the maintenance of Ca++ homeostasis
  2. Recognize the action of calcitriol, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcitonin in the excretion of Ca++
  3. Recognize the relationship between Ca++ and PTH and calcitonin levels
  4. Describe the cellular mechanism of calcium reabsorption along the nephron
  5. Describe the maintenance of phosphorous homeostasis
  6. Recognize the action of calcitriol, PTH, calcitonin and other factors in the excretion of Pi
  7. Describe the cellular mechanism of phosphorous reabsorption along the nephron